The Church of the Nativity
The Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic authorities administer the church jointly and all three traditions maintain monastic communities on the site.
Approximately 2 km to the east of Bethlehem lies the village of Beit Sahour, where one of the most sacred places to Christians; the Shepherds' Field; is found, identified as the scene where the Angel of the Lord visited the shepherds and informed them of Jesus' birth.
Luke 2:8-10, “And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And the Angel said to them, Fear not, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.”